wiganworld home page
Home Photos of Wigan Stuff News What's on Classifieds Forum Communicate Guestbook Links
 Search    In association with  The Wigan Courier
 Stuff
  Thomas Woodcock VC
  Ancient and Loyal
  Booklets
  Wigan facts
  Famous Wiganers
  Interviews
  Timeline
  Wigan dialect
  Wigan speyk!
  Oddities
  Black & White
  Local art
  Local poetry
  Contributions
  Requests
  Memories
  I remember...
  My collection
  Pubs of the Past
  Wigan quizzes
  Picture quizzes
  Jigsaws
  Jigsaws II
  Wigan Cemetery Index
  Gidlow Cemetery Index
  Hindley Cemetery Index
  Ince Cemetery Index
  Westwood Cemetery Index
  Howe Bridge Cemetery Index
  Roll of Honour
  Reading Room
  Reading Room 2
  Spitfire Crash
  Street History
  Wigan Streets, 1890
  Wigan Streets, 1903
  Wigan Streets, 1909
  Wigan Streets, 1933
  Wigan Yards
  On this day in...
  Chronology
  Court Leet Rolls
  Documented
  Ephemera
  Wigan Past
  Wigan Crest
  Old news
  1825 Directory
  1869 Directory
  1881 Directory
  Hindley Directory
  Ince Directory
  Upholland residents
  1889 Yearbook
  Wigan Views, 1908
  Old Borough Guide
  Picture Post, 1939
  Recipes, 1925
  Your Letters
  Diverted
 
 
A.D. 77

The Romans built a fort on the site of Wigan and called it Coccium. The settlement is mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary of the 2nd century as being 17 miles from Manchester.

Although Roman Wigan is buried deep beneath the town, numerous finds have been found that suggest Coccium was larger, and more important to the Romans than previously thought. Finds include:

  • In 1822, Roman Cremation Urns were uncovered during the construction of the gas-works, suggesting the existence of a Roman Cemetery.
  • During the rebuilding of the Parish Church in 1846 a Roman alter was found beneath the High Altar and was built into the tower.
  • Coins include a hoard of 137 silver ones found near the Boar's Head Inn in 1926, a hoard of over 200 found in Standish in 1690 and various bronze coins found in the Market Place in 1837. A rare gold coin of the emperor Vitellus was found in the Mesnes in 1850.
  • Three Roman roads have been traced in the early 19th century by amateur historian Revd E. Sibson of Ashton.
  • In 1982, excavations in the Wiend discovered remains of Roman buildings dating from the late 1st century A.D. They were large wooden structures, but of a flimsy warehouse type.

Why did the Romans choose Wigan as a settlement? It is believed they chose the site because it was on a hilltop, making it easier to defend. The River Douglas also ran to two sides of the hill which would have been much steeper than it is today. It was also a point midway between the crossings of the Mersey at Wilderspool and the Ribble at Walton-le-Dale.

Map
Some of the Roman Roads linking major Roman settlements.

[Back...]

 
 © 2017 wiganworld
Click here to read the privacy policy, disclaimer and copyright information.
Please contact us with your ideas, suggestions, moans or questions.