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Local Chronology, 1885-86.
1885.
Dec. 15. -  Sale of Work at the Presbyterian Schools, Wigan.
Dec. 21. -  Presentation to Mr. and Mrs. C. M. Percy at Pemberton by the Liberals in the Ince Division.
Dec. 22. -  Performance of the "Messiah" by the Trinity College Choir.
Dec. 23. -  Colliery Explosion at Mardy, South Wales; 81 lives lost. - Death, at Southport, of Miss Elizabeth Lowe, aged 76, formerly of Wigan.
Dec. 29. -  Explosion at the Taylor Pit, Shevington: one man killed and 14 injured. The pit afterwards flooded in consequence of the seam being on fire. - Celebration of Mr. Gladstone's birthday by the Platt Bridge Liberal Club.
Dec. 30. -  Tea Meeting at All Saints', Hindley; introduction of the new vicar, the Rev. C. J. Buckmaster.
Dec. 31. -  Death, at Southport, of Mrs. Hargreaves, aged 70, widow of the late Mr. Thomas Hargreaves, of Oakhurst, Lancashire.
1886.
Jan. 1. -  New Year's Sales of Work at the various churches and chapels.
Jan. 2. -  John Johnson, of Hindley Green, aged 54, committed suicide by drowning, having previously tied a 56lb. weight round his neck.
Jan. 4. -  Treat by the Mayor and Mayoress to the Aged Poor. - Illness of the Mayor.
Jan. 5. -  Mrs. Eckersley's Treat to the Workhouse Inmates. - Old Folk's Treat at Golborne.
Jan. 6. -  Town Council Meeting: Opinion of Counsel read as to duplicate voting at Municipal Elections; discussions as to the Professional Auditor's work and annual dinners to officials; and the recommendation of the Library Committee as to the printing of the Reference Catalogue adopted. - Inquest on the Taylor Pit Explosion. - Thomas Highfield, station master at Ince on the Wigan Junction Railway, committed suicide by hanging himself in his own office. - Annual Tea Party at Upholland.
Jan. 7. -  Ice Accident at Ormskirk; two boys drowned. - Old Folk's Treat at Hindley.
Jan. 8. -  Meeting, in Wigan, of the Manchester Geological Society.
Jan. 9. -  Old Folk's Treat at Abram.
Jan. 13. -  Severe Storm: The tramway connecting Newtown and Meadows Collieries broke down. - Conservative Tea Meetings at Pemberton and Platt Bridge to celebrate Colonel Blundell's election for the Ince Division.
Jan. 14. -  Coversazione and Dance given by the Mayor and Mayoress in the Drill Hall.
Jan. 15. -  The Mayor's Juvenile Party. - Indignation Meeting of Golborne Ratepayers with reference to the gas question.
Jan. 17. -  Hospital Sunday.
Jan. 18. -  Liberal Meeting at Hindley: Presentation to Mr. Percy. - Heavy fall of snow.
Jan. 19. -  Meeting of the Wigan Conservative Working Men's Club: Address by Mr. F. S. Powell, M.P. - Miners' National Conference at Birmingham.
Jan. 20. -  Choral Festival at the Wesleyan Chapel by the Wigan Noncomformist Choir Union. - Opening of the Mersey Tunnel. - Licensed Victualler's Ball.
Jan. 21. -  Opening of the Reformed Parliament. - Meeting of Haigh Parishioners; scheme adopted for the extension and re-seating of Haigh Church. - Old Folk's Treat at Ashton.
Jan. 23. -  Death of Mr. Charles Latham, Bolton-road, Ashton-in-Makerfield.
Jan. 26. -  Liberal Meeting at Ince: Presentation to Mr. C. M. Percy.
Jan. 27. -  Volunteer Officers' Ball.
Jan. 28. -  Thirtieth Annual Meeting of the Makerfield Ploughing Society.
Jan. 31. -  Visit of the "Tichborne Claimant" to Wigan.
Feb. 1. -  Opening of a new Reading Room at Kitt Green.
Feb. 2. -  Local Government Inquiry at Ince. - Lowton Ploughing Match.
Feb. 3. -  Quarterly Meeting of the Town Council; Discussion as to the cost of deputations, the auditing of the Gas accounts, the paving of Dicconson-street West, and the sanitary condition of the borough. - Wigan Quarter Sessions; 13 prisoners for trial.
Feb. 8. -  Presentation to Mr. Harold Wright, the Liberal candidate at the general election for the Chorley Division.
Feb. 9. -  Presentation, at Platt Bridge, of the Royal Humane Society's medals to Wm. Brown and John Garnett for saving the lives of two boys from drowning. - Hearing of the action, Lever and Co. v. Hazlehurst and Son, better known as the Sunlight Self-Washer Soap case.
Feb. 10. -  Conservative Tea Meeting at Lower Ince. - Hearing of the local action, Roocroft v. Johnson. - Wigan Liberal Club Ball.
Feb. 11. -  United Kingdom Alliance Meeting in the Public Hall.
Feb. 15. -  Death of Viscount Cardwell, aged 72. - Presentation to Mr. R. Johnson by the Liberals in the Ince Division.
Feb. 19. -  Special Town Council Meeting: resolution passed that application be made for a provisional order for the appointment of the loan debt of the Corporation.
Feb. 22. -  Opening of a Liberal Club at Goose Green. - Distribution of Prizes at the Wigan Mining and Mechanical School. - Hearing of the charge against seven men for a brutal attack on the police at Hindley.
Feb. 23. -  Speeches in Parliament by Mr. F. S. Powell and Colonel Blundell on the Employers' Liability Act Amendment Bill.
Feb. 26. -  Meeting of the Shareholders of the Wigan Tramways Company, Limited.
Feb. 27. -  Hospital Saturday.
Mar. 1. -  Opening of a Liberal Club at Newtown. - Poll for Election of Burgess Auditors: Messrs. G. J. Healy and T. Smith returned. - Very heavy Snow Storm in Wigan and district.
Mar. 3. -  Annual Meeting of the Wigan Public Hall Association. - Wigan Town Council Meeting: lively discussions over the Gas and Farm Committees' minutes; deputation to the Council from the owners of uninhabitable houses, the question of the demolition of these being afterwards again adjourned.
Mar. 8. -  Destructive fire at the shop of Mr. F. H. Taylor, Market-place.
Mar. 11. -  Sudden death of Mr. Wm. Marsh, of Holly House, Hindley, aged 64 years.
Mar. 13. -  Death of Mr. John Brewis, cotton spinner, of Golborne, aged 63 years.
Mar. 15. -  Mary Matthews, factory operative, killed by a swingboat at Lamberhead Green. - John Smith, shoemaker, Great George-street, committed suicide by poisoning. - Conservative Meeting at Platt Bridge. - The Mayor, having recovered from his serious illness, resumes his official duties.
Mar. 16. -  Gas Explosion at the house of Mrs. Barr, Cuppull-lane: three lives lost and several persons injured.
Mar. 17. -  Presentation to the Rev. P. W. Darnton on his resigning the Pastorate of Hope Chapel, Wigan. - Ratepayers' Meeting at Upholland. - Irish Demonstration in the Public Hall.
Mar. 18. -  Annual Meeting of the Wigan Charity Organisation Society.
Mar. 20. -  Sudden death of the Rev. W. B. Bryan, Vicar of Haigh, aged 53 years. - Annual Meeting of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Permanent Relief Society. - Meeting at Pemberton to protest against the agitation for Parliamentary powers prohibiting the employment of women about collieries.
Mar. 21. -  Death, at his London residence, of Mr. Thos. Bright Crosse, J.P., aged 90 years, member of Parliament for Wigan in 1841.
Mar. 22. -  Death of Mr. James Fairhurst, of Wigan-lane, brewer, in his 75th year.
Mar. 23. -  Death, at Southport, of Mrs. Crook, in her 84th year, widow of the late George Crook, Baptist minister at Wigan.
Mar. 24. -  Death of Mrs. Darnton, wife of the Rev. P. W. Darnton.
Mar. 26. -  Local Government inquiry in Wigan.
Mar. 29. -  Conference of Colliery Proprietors and Miners with reference to a proposed sliding scale for the regulation of wages.
Mar. 31. -  The Hindley Tramcar blown over at Ince.
April 1. -  Death, at Southport, of Mr. William Roscoe, aged 88 years; formerly agent for Lord Crawford.
April 2. -  First sitting of the House of Commons Committee on the Bill for the Amendment of the Employers' Liability Act.
April 3. -  The first sod cut of the new Colliery of Messrs. R. Evans and Co., at Golborne.
April 5. -  Public Meeting in Wigan with respect to the Colonial and Indian Exhibition.
April 7. -  Town Council Meeting: Resolution adopted to borrow 10,000 for street repairs and improvements. - Wesleyan Bazaar at Platt Bridge.
April 10. -  Band of Hope Demonstration in Wigan. - A Youth Killed by a fall of houses at Westhoughton. - Meeting of Pit Brow Women at Bryn.
April 12. -  The final report issued of the Royal Commission on Accidents in Mines. - Declaration of the Voting at the Guardians' Election. - Opening of a Working Men's Club and Reading Room at Bryn Gates.
April 15. -  First Annual Meeting of the new Wigan Literary and Debating Society.
April 17. -  Meeting of Pit Brow Women at Haydock.
April 19. -  Death, at his London residence, of Mr. John Thompson FitzAdam, Recorder of Wigan.
April 24. -  Final Tie in the Wigan Charity Challenge Cup Rugby Foot-Competition; victory of Aspull. - Laying the Foundation Stone of a Roman Catholic Church at Horwich.
April 26. -  Conservative Meetings at Orrell and Pemberton.
April 27. -  Annual Meeting of the Wigan Mechanics' Institution.
May 1. -  Conservative Demonstration at Aspull: Opening of two new Bowling Greens by Mr. F. Hardcastle, M.P.
May 3. -  Opening of St. Andrew's Allotment Gardens by Mrs. Kenyon.
May 4. -  Sale of Work at St. Michael's Schools opened by the Hon. E. Kenyon. - Town's Meeting at St. Helens on the Pit Brow Women's question.
May 5. -  Quarterly Meeting of the Town Council: Criticism on the management of the Gaswork; Counsel's opinion to be taken as to a further prosecution of the late Borough Treasurer; and estimates submitted for the new rates. - Appointment of Dr. J. B. Gilbertson coroner of, the Hundreds of Amounderness and Leyland, in the place of the late coroner, Mr. W. Gilbertson.
May 6. -  Conference, in London, of the Central Association for Dealing with Distress caused by Mining Accidents. - Information received of the Appointment of Mr. William Court Gully, Q.C., as Recorder of Wigan. - Presentation to Colonel McCorquodale by the Liberals in the Newton Division.
May 7. -  Meeting, in Wigan, of the Manchester Geological Society. - Meeting of Wigan Tradesmen to arrange as to the observance of holidays. - Suicide of James Ramsdale, joiner, Worsley Mesnes.
May 9. -  Laying the Foundation Stone of a new Infant School for St. Joseph's Parish.
May 10. -  Samuel Jones and Elizabeth Ann Lowe, of Lower Ince, drowned in the canal at Poolstock.
May 11. -  Opening of the Liverpool Exhibition by the Queen.
May 14. -  Speech by Colonel Blundell in the House of Commons on Mining Royalties.
May 15. -  Annual Inspection of the Lancashire Hussars at Southport.
May 17. -  At the inquest on a woman found drowned at Poolstock two men, named Webb and Churchill, censured for their "disgusting behaviour."
May 19. -  Local Government Inquiry at Wigan with reference to the application for money to carry out street improvements. - Annual Meeting of the Wigan Infirmary. Special Council Meeting to lay the new District Rate.
May 21. -  News received in Wigan of the murder of the Rev. John and Mrs. Houghton, at the Methodist Mission station at Golbanti, East Africa. - Wigan Quarter Sessions: The new Recorder welcomed by the Mayor and Magistrates.
May 27. -  Letter read from Mr. C. M. Percy at the meeting of the Council of the Ince Liberal Association declining to consent to again contest the constituency.
June 2. -  Town Council Meeting: Resolutions passed that the books relating to the Gas Department be kept at the Borough Treasurer's office, and that no further prosecution be undertaken against Holt.
June 5. -  Fire at the Kirkless Hall Farm.
June 6. -  Death, at Llandudno, of Major Stott, of the 4th L.R.V.
June 7. -  Defeat of the Government on the Home Rule Bill.
June 9. -  Wesleyan Bazaar at Golborne. - Church Bazaar at Upholland.
June 10. -  Unionist Demonstration in Wigan.
June 12. -  Death of the Rev. Robert Walmesley, Vicar of St. Elizabeth's, Pennington Green, aged 44.
June 14. -  Infirmary Gala.
June 18. -  Selection, by the Wigan Liberal Council, of Mr. C. M. Percy as the candidate of the party for the borough at the General Election. - Meeting of the Ince Liberal Council: Adoption of Mr. G. P. Taylor, barrister, as their candidate.
June 19. -  Inspection of the 4th L.R.V. at their Encampment at St. Anne's. - Adjourned Infirmary Gala. - Severe Thunderstorm: One man killed and two injured on the Mesnes.
June 21. -  Mr. F. S. Powell selected by the Wigan Conservatives as their candidate at the Borough Election. - Colonel Blundell selected by the Conservatives in the Ince Division.
June 22. -  Opening of the Election campaign in the Wigan and Ince Divisions.
June 23. -  Prize Day at the Wigan Grammar School.
June 24. -  Two men killed in a sand pit at Aspull.
June 27. -  Laying of the Foundation Stone of the new Roman Catholic Church of St. Cuthbert's, Pemberton.
June 29. -  Visit of Mr. Herbert Gladstone to Wigan: Great Liberal Demonstration. - Prize Day at the Wigan High School.
June 30. -  Hearing of the Local Insurance Appeal Case, Macfarlane v. the Royal London Friendly Society. - General Holiday.
July 1. -  Visit of Col. Sir F. Stanley to Wigan: Great Conservative Demonstration.
July 3. -  Wigan Borough Election: Return of Mr. Powell.
July 5. -  Mr. Michael Davitt at the Drill Hall.
July 6. -  Town Council Meeting: The question as to the price of gas referred back to the Committee.
July 7. -  Ince Election: Re-election of Colonel Blundell. - Leigh Election: Return of Mr. Caleb Wright.
July 8. -  Newton Election: Return of Sir R. A. Cross.
July 10. -  Conservative Demonstration in Haigh Park.
July 11. -  Opening of a new Catholic Chapel at Horwich.
July 12. -  Opening of the Ladyshore Colliery Arbitration Case.
July 14. -  Wigan Quarter Sessions; 3 prisoners.
July 16. -  Prosecution of Ashton Publicans under the Betting Act; heavy fines inflicted.
July 24. -  Wigan Cricket Club 11th Annual Athletic Festival. - Laying the Foundation and Memorial Stones of a new Wesleyan Methodist School at Aspull.
July 29. -  Volunteer Bazaar in the Drill Hall.
July 31. -  Inquest on the body of Margaret Platt, a pit brow girl, killed at the Fir Tree House Colliery; the management censured.
Aug. 1. -  Gas Explosion at Ladyshore Colliery; four men injured.
Aug. 4. -  Town Council Meeting: The purchase of additional land for the Gasworks confirmed. - Opening of a Wesleyan Methodist Bazaar at Blackrod by the Countess of Crawford.
Aug. 7. -  Conservative Pic-nic at Pemberton.
Aug. 9. -  Presentation to Mr. G. P. Taylor, the Liberal Candidate at the Ince Election.
Aug. 10. -  Public Presentation to the Mayor and Mayoress (Alderman and Mrs. Park) from the members of the Corporation and the Inhabitants. - Local Government Board Inquiry at Hindley. - Adjourned Meeting of Standish Ratepayers respecting the Burial Ground question and the Standish Charities.
Aug. 13. -  Colliery Explosion at the Woodend Pit, Bedford Leigh: 38 lives lost.
Aug. 16. -  Election in the Newton Division, caused by the elevation of Sir R. A. Cross to the House of Lords; return of the Conservative candidate, Mr. T. W. Legh.
Aug. 25. -  Wigan Borough Licensing Sessions.
Aug. 26. -  Wigan County Licensing Sessions.
Sept. 1. -  Town Council Meeting: Discussion as to payment of Surveyor's Commission in connection with the Gasworks extensions.
Sept. 9. -  Presentation to Mr. Alderman E. Smith by the local members of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows.
Sept. 15. -  Experiments with Safety Lamps at Leigh.
Sept. 16. -  Visit of Cardinal Manning to Wigan. - Revision of the List of Borough Voters. - Vestry Meeting at Ashton to consider the Burial Question.
Sept. 18. -  James Wilson, secretary to the Wigan Orange Society, run over and killed at Ashton. - Suicide of James Ball, farmer, of Orrell. - The Foundation Stone of a new Church at Shevington laid by Mrs. Brandreth.
Sept. 22. -  Half-yearly Meeting of the Shareholders in the Wigan Tramways Company.
Sept. 23. -  Close of the Coroner's inquiry into the Wood End Colliery disaster.
Sept. 25. -  Demonstration at Garswood to celebrate the formation of the Garswood Habitation of the Primrose League.
Sept. 27. -  Laying the Foundation Stone of a new Baptist Chapel at Bryn.
Sept. 29. -  Death, at Bournemouth, of Mrs. Ann Thicknesse, aged 54, wife of Archdeacon Thicknesse, and daughter of the late Mr. Ralph Thicknesse, of Beech Hill, Wigan.
Sept. 30. -  Special Meeting of Borough Justices for the confirmation of licenses. - At a Special Meeting of the Town Council, Alderman Park accepts a unanimous requisition to become Mayor again for the following year.
Oct. 5. -  Induction of the Rev. W. Hutton, the new Rector of Standish.
Oct. 6. -  Town Council Meeting: Lively discussion as to the gas contracts and Surveyor's charges; resignation of Mr. Alderman Hopwood as Chairman of the Gas Committee.
Oct. 8. -  Messrs. Lawrence and Sons' new Spinning Mill at Chorley destroyed by fire.
Oct. 14. -  Summonses against Wigan publicans for keeping lotteries dismissed by the Borough Justices. - Death, at Sydney, Australia, of Dr. W. F. Mackenzie, formerly of Wigan.
Oct. 18. -  Annual Meeting of the Wigan Branch of the United Kingdom Alliance. - Presentations to the Rev. C. D. Pater, by the congregation of St. Michael's, on his leaving the parish.
Oct. 20. -  Meeting in Wigan of the Provincial Grand Lodge of West Lancashire Freemasons.
Oct. 21. -  Dedication of a Memorial Window in Standish Church to the late rector, Rev. Canon Brandreth.
Oct. 25. -  Opening of Branch Lines at Hindley and Bamfurlong in connection with the London and North-Western Railway system.
Oct. 27. -  Wigan Borough Quarter Sessions: Eight prisoners. - St. Catharine's Bazaar in the Public Hall.
Oct. 30. -  Visit of the Wigan Mining School Students to the Darcy Lever Collieries. - Town Council Meeting.
Nov. 1. -  Municipal Elections: Return of 7 Conservatives and 3 Liberals, a gain of one seat to the former.
Nov. 5. -  Suicide at Hindley of a collier named James Boydell, after having made a savage attack on his wife.
Nov. 6. -  Celebration by Wigan Freemasons of the Centenary of the Lodge of Antiquity, No. 178.
Nov. 8. -  Hearing of the action, Ashton v. France, in the Lancashire Chancery Court at Manchester. - Conference of West Lancashire colliery masters and men respecting the proposed sliding scale.
Nov. 9. -  Annual Meeting of the Town Council: Election of Mr. Alderman Park, Mayor for the fifth year in succession. Stormy discussion as to the appointment of committees and their chairmen. - Reception by the Mayor and Mayoress in the Borough Courts.
Nov. 12. -  Lieutenant H. F. Eckersley killed at Kyettha, near Mingyan, Burmah, whilst leading the attack on the Kymandine Prince's forces.
Nov. 13. -  Opening of a Conservative Club at Ashton by Lord Gerrard.
Nov. 15. -  Visit of Dr. Page, Local Government Inspector, with reference to the sanitary condition of the borough.
Nov. 16. -  First Eisteddfod at Pemberton. - Annual Distribution of Prizes at the Wigan Mining and Mechanical School.
Nov. 17. -  Sale of Work at St. Paul's Schools, Wigan. - Presentation to Father Kirwan by the congregation of St. Joseph's.
Nov. 19. -  Conservative Tea Party and Ball at Aspull.
Nov. 22. -  Opening of the new Royal Court Theatre, Wigan. - Miners Conference in Manchester.
Nov. 25. -  Conservative Soiree at Hindley.
Nov. 29. -  Presentation to Father Monaghan by the congregation of St. Mary's.
Nov. 30. -  Messrs. Arnott and Co.'s Paper Staining Works, at Golborne, totally destroyed by fire.
Dec. 1. -  Town Council Meeting: Appointment of the Chairman of the Sanitary Committee; the question as to the increase in the price of gas and Hawkins' patent referred back.
Dec. 2. -  Testing of the new holder at the Wigan Gas Works. - Judgment given in the action Lever and Co. v. Goodwin Brothers.
Dec. 3. -  Announcement made of the appointment of the Rev. Harry Mitchell, Vicar of Pemberton, to the vicarage of Prescot.
Dec. 5. -  Visit of Mr. Charles Bradlaugh, M.P., to Wigan. - Special Service at St. Jame's Church in memory of Lieutenant Eckersley.
Dec. 8. -  "Principal Nero," a coloured man, convicted at Salford Sessions for obtaining money by false pretences.
Dec. 10. -  Severe Gale: Wreck of the Southport and St. Anne's Lifeboats: 27 lives lost.
Dec. 11. -  Sale of Work at Downall Green, opened by Mr. T. W. Legh, M.P.
Dec. 12. -  Opening of the completed portion of the new Exchange Station, Liverpool.
Dec. 14. -  Complimentary Banquet in the Wigan Public Hall, by the Conservatives in Wigan and the Ince Division, to Mr. F. S. Powell, M.P., and Colonel Blundell, M.P.
Dec. 15. -  Public Meeting in connection with the Hospital Saturday and Sunday movement.
Dec. 16. -  Meeting of the Chamber of Commerce. - The appeal by Mr. Herbert Fletcher against the Umpire's award in the Ladyshore Colliery arbitration, dismissed by the Queen's Bench.


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