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Local Chronology, 1878-79.
1878.
Dec. 27. -  Retirement of Superintendent Clarkson, of the Wigan County Constabulary. - Public Meeting to consider the distress in the town; a committee appointed to administer relief.
Dec. 28. -  Opening of the Southport Sanatorium by Lady Lindsay.
Dec. 30. -  Resolution passed by Abram ratepayers to petition for a Local Board for the township.
1879.
Jan. 2. -  Reduction of 7½ per cent. in wages of a portion of Wigan cotton operatives.
Jan. 4. -  Sudden death at Liverpool of Mr. Maxwell Copland, aged 31 years.
Jan. 6. -  Strike of colliers at the Crawford and Woodshaw Pits of the Wigan Coal and Iron Company.
Jan. 13. -  Consecration of the new Church of St. John the Baptist, Earlestown. - Dinas Colliery Explosion; 60 lives lost.
Jan. 16. -  Opening for curling of the Southport Glaciarium by Lord Lindsay, M.P.
Jan. 19. -  Hospital Sunday.
Jan. 20. -  Wigan Quarter Sessions; four prisoners.
Jan. 21. -  Volunteer Officers' Ball.
Jan. 23. -  Opening of the Wigan-lane Cocoa and Coffee Rooms. - Local Government Inquiry at Blackrod.
Jan. 27. -  First Annual Meeting of the Wigan Victoria Permanent Building Society.
Jan. 30. -  Mr. Peter Gibson, of Wigan, killed whilst crossing the line at Hindley Green Station.
Jan. 31. -  Mr. Garnett George Tatham appointed medical officer of the Workhouse and Wigan district of the Union.
Feb. 5. -  Wigan Town Council Quarterly Meeting. Animated discussion as to the management of the Gas Works; adoption of a special report on the town's finances.
Feb. 7. -  Presentation of an address and silver dish and ewer to Mr. Henry Woodcock, on his leaving the town for the south.
Feb. 8. -  Death of Mr. Robert Winstanley, of Ince, for nearly 40 years an officer of the Wigan Union.
Feb. 11. -  Colliery Explosion at Garswood Hall Collieries; three men killed and seven injured.
Feb. 13. -  Twenty-third Makerfield Ploughing Match.
Feb. 14. -  Re-election of Lord Lindsay, M.P., president of the Royal Astonomical Society.
Feb. 18. -  Government Inquiry into the management of the Ashton Charities. - Wrightington and Standish Ploughing Match.
Feb. 22. -  Institution of the Rev. J. Crofts, vicar of Dalton.
Feb. 23. -  Death of Mr. G. W. Kuper, professor of music, Wigan, aged 60 years.
Feb. 24. -  Liberal Meeting at Hindley.
Feb. 25. -  Election of Mr. Geo. Williams, chief constable of Wigan, chief of the Liverpool Detective Force.
Feb. 27. -  Local Government Inquiry at Billinge.
Mar. 6. -  Important case before the borough magistrates respecting payment for street improvements; decision against the Corporation.
Mar. 8. -  Presentation to Mr. Johnson, of Ince, on his retirement from service under the Wigan Coal and Iron Company.
Mar. 9. -  Death, at his residence, Millgate, Wigan, of Dr. John Latham, aged 77 years.
Mar. 13. -  Fatal accident at the Sovereign Mills, through the breaking of a hoist rope.
Mar. 14. -  Meeting in the Council Chamber with reference to taking steps to promote commerce with Central Africa.
Mar. 15. -  A factory hand, named Martin Connor, found dead in the Churchyard, with his head cut and injured, supposed to have resulted from falling whilst intoxicated. - Ince Bulb Show.
Mar. 17. -  Sudden death, at St. Leonard's, of Mr. Richard Leigh, solicitor, late of Wigan, aged 40 years.
Mar. 19. -  The Pemberton Local Board Water Bill before the House of Commons' Committee.
Mar. 20. -  Local Government Inquiry at Aspull.
Mar. 22. -  Judgement given in the Court of Queen's Bench in the case of Ditchfield v. Justices of Wigan.
Mar. 24. -  Presentation of Mr. Alderman Byrom's portrait to the Corporation.
Mar. 27. -  Farewell Tea Party to the Rev. R. Aikenhead, of the King-street Baptist Church.
April 1. -  Government Inquiry at Abram. - Presentation to the Rev. T. James, curate at St. Thomas's Church, on his leaving the district.
April 3. -  Appointment of Captain Charles German Alison chief constable of Wigan. - James Potter, certificated manager, killed at the Edge Green Colliery.
April 9. -  Annual Meeting of the Royal Albert Edward Infirmary.
April 10. -  Presentation of an address and a purse of gold to Mr. George Williams, on his leaving the town.
April 11. -  Retirement, through ill health, of Mr. John Barton, for 40 years a member of the Wigan Board of Guardians.
April 12. -  Publication of the Provisional Order authorising the construction of the Wigan Tramways. - Contests for election of Guardians in Wigan, Shevington, and Ince.
April 16. -  Bazaar at St. Peter's Church Memorial Schools, Hindley.
April 25. -  Annual Meeting of the Wigan Board of Guardians; re-election of Mr. W. Strickland as chairman. - Death of Mr. George Hill, of Ince, for many years traffic superintendent at Springs Branch.
April 26. -  Annual Meeting of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Relief Society; presentation of a special report from Mr. F. G. P. Nelson on the financial condition of the Society.
April 28. -  Sudden death of Mr. Richard Smethurst, of Ellerbeck, aged 54 years. - Wigan Borough Sessions; 18 prisoners.
May 1. -  Strike in the Wigan Building trade against a reduction in wages and an increase in working hours. - Dinner at Aspull to commemorate the first supplying of water to the township.
May 5. -  Opening of a new Church School at Dalton. - Presentation to the Rev. A. H. Webb.
May 6. -  Welcome Tea Party to the Rev. H. Hall, pastor of King-street Baptist Chapel.
May 7. -  Quarterly Meeting of the Town Council. Discussion as to the proceedings of the Watch Committee, and the estimates for Borough and General District rates.
May 8. -  Selection, by the Ward Committees of the Wigan Liberal Association, of Mr. John Lancaster and Lieut.-Colonel McCorquodale as the Liberal candidates at the next borough election.
May 9. -  Extraordinary sitting of the county magistrates to hear an Ashton assault case. - Employers' deputation to Government respecting the Compensation Bills.
May 10. -  Field Day of the Lancashire Hussars at Newton-le-Willows.
May 15. -  Deputation to the Free Library Committee respecting the issuing of books to the inhabitants of the adjoining townships.
May 17. -  Special Meeting of the Council to lay a General District Rate.
May 19. -  Order granted for the compulsory winding up of the Wigan Rolling Mills Company, Limited.
May 20-24. -  Hearing of the appeal by Messrs. Rylands and Sons, Limited, against the assessment of Gidlow Mill.
May 24. -  Review of the Lancashire Hussars at Newton. - Special Meeting of the Lancashire and Cheshire Miners' Permanent Relief Society; resolution passed increasing charge of membership. - Brass Band Contest at Pemberton.
May 28. -  Addresses by Mr. Lancaster and Mr. McCorquodale at the Liberal Club. - Meeting at St. Helens of subscribers to the Haydock Colliery Explosion Fund.
June 2. -  Meeting of the Manchester Presbytery at Wigan. - Gala in the Park in aid of the Infirmary.
June 3. -  Laying the foundation stone of St. Andrew's Church, Woodhouse-lane.
June 4. -  The Wigan Observer from this date published three times each week - Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday.
June 6. -  Inspection of Volunteers at their encampment in the Isle of Man.
June 7. -  Bazaar in aid of St. Thomas's Church Schools, Ashton.
June 11. -  Presentations by the tenantry of Mr. F. S. Powell to Mr. Alderman and Mrs. Hilton.
June 14. -  Official inspection of the 21st L.R.V. in Haigh Park. - Brass Band Contest at New Springs.
June 17. -  Cutting the first sod of the new Sewerage Works at Parbold by Mr. Alderman Gregson.
June 19. -  Prize Day at the Wigan Grammar School, and at the Wigan High School.
June 20. -  Local Government Inquiry at Wigan with reference to an application for money for Gas Works extension.
June 21. -  Wigan Athletic Festival. - Laying of the foundation stone of a United Methodist Free Church School for Hindley Common.
June 23. -  Public Meeting at Ashton to promote the establishment of a Recreation Ground for the district.
June 25. -  Special Town Council Meeting. Discussion as to new Streets, and the manufacture of Sulphate of Ammonia. - Opening of a new School at Parbold by Mr. N. Eckersley.
June 26. -  Dismissal of the summons against Dr. Blumberg of having made a false certificate of death.
June 27. -  Resolution by the Library Committee not to allow books to be lent to inhabitants of the adjoining out-townships, except on their contributing to the funds.
June 28. -  Sanction by the Court of Chancery of a scheme for the investment of the Haydock Explosion Fund.
June 30. -  A woman named Catherine Dunham charged on evidence of two boys with having murdered a child by throwing it in the river Douglas; afterwards liberated.
July 2. -  Consecration of the new portion of Ince Cemetery.
July 12. -  Conservative Pic-nic to Haigh Park. - Death of Mr. Peter Martin, of Rivington.
July 14. -  Special Meeting of the Town Council; a memorial adopted in favour of a joint railway station.
July 15. -  Death, in London, of Mr. Thomas Whaley, J.P., formerly of Orrell.
July 16. -  Presentation of an address to Dr. Blumberg by the members of the Wigan Homĉopathic Dispensary.
July 17. -  Death of Mr. James Wood, of Moat House, Haigh, aged 50 years.
July 18. -  Local Government Inquiry at Ashton.
July 19. -  Flower and Canary Show at Ince. - Flower Show at New Springs.
July 21. -  Wigan Borough Sessions; 11 prisoners. - Judgement given in Rylands' Rating Appeal.
July 26. -  Railway Collision at the Wigan Station of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway; 12 persons injured. - First Athletic Festival at Hindley.
July 29. -  Pemberton Ratepayers at a public meeting refused to adopt the Public Libraries Acts.
July 30. -  Show in Westwood Park of the Wigan, Ormskirk, and St. Helens Agricultural Society.
Aug. 2. -  Brass Band Contest in the Mesnes Park in aid of the Infirmary. - Opening of Chorley Town Hall.
Aug. 4-5. -  Infirmary Gala and Flower Show in the Mesnes Park.
Aug. 6. -  Boiler Explosion at Orrell, one man injured. - Quarterly Meeting of the Council, Discussion as to the Gas Visiting Committee accepting tenders, and a pavilion for the Park.
Aug. 9. -  Meeting of the Ashton Ratepayers' Charity Committee; receipt of a reply from the Charity Commissioners.
Aug. 12. -  Open verdict returned concerning the death of a man named Alfred Gordan, in Scholes.
Aug. 13. -  Local Government Inquiry at Aspull.
Aug. 16. -  Temperance Demonstration in Haigh Park.
Aug. 19. -  Animated discussion at the Hindley Local Board Meeting on the financial condition of the Gas Works.
Aug. 21. -  Experiments with Safety Lamps at Garswood Hall Collieries. - Collapse of the shaft of the Duke's Pit, Platt Bridge. The underlooker, Thomas Ralphs, killed during the exploration of the mine afterwards.
Aug. 22. -  Affray with poachers at Winstanley; a poacher shot.
Aug. 23. -  Laying the foundation stone of a new Church School at Hindley Green.
Aug. 26. -  Public Meeting to protest against the granting of new Licences.
Aug. 27. -  Borough Brewster Sessions.
Aug. 28. -  Wigan County Annual Licensing Sessions.
Aug. 30. -  Sunday School Union Conference at Golborne.
Sept. 7. -  Farewell address by the Rev. F. G. Collier to his congregation at Horwich.
Sept. 11. -  Notices given for a reduction of 7½ per cent. in the wages of Wigan cotton operatives.
Sept. 15. -  Death of Mr. William Baker, farmer, of Goose Green, aged 78 years.
Sept. 17. -  Two new Furnaces blown in at Kirkless Ironworks. - Borough Revision.
Sept. 21. -  Blessing of the new Bell at St. Patrick's Church.
Sept. 24. -  Verdict of wilful murder returned against John and Catherine Barnes for baby farming at Birkenhead - one of the children who died being from Wigan.
Sept. 25. -  Visit of the members of the Iron and Steel Institute to Wigan. - Strike of Wigan weavers.
Sept. 29. -  Meeting in connection with the Hospital Sunday and Saturday movement.
Sept. 30. -  Local Government Inquiry at Orrell.
Oct. 1. -  Consecration of the Roman Catholic portion of the new ground at Ince Cemetery.
Oct. 2. -  Opening of the 23rd session of the Wigan Mining and Mechanical School.
Oct. 4. -  Opening Services in connection with a Mission at all the established Churches in Wigan. The Mission extended over ten days. - Death of Mrs. Dury, wife of the Rev. E. A. Dury, vicar of St. Catherine's.
Oct. 8. -  Local Government Inquiry at Ashton.
Oct. 9. -  County Revision at Wigan.
Oct. 14. -  Meeting of the Mechanics' Institution to consider a scheme for amalgamation with the Literary and Scientific Society.
Oct. 15. -  Committal for trial of Wm. Ellison, head gamekeeper for Mr. Bankes, for the shooting of a poacher on August 22nd.
Oct. 16. -  Opening of the Wigan Junction Railways for mineral traffic.
Oct. 18. -  Laying the foundation stone on a new Wesleyan School at Aspull.
Oct. 20. -  United Kingdom Alliance Meeting in Wigan.
Oct. 22. -  Seven men killed by an overwinding accident at the Alexandra Pit, St. Helens.
Oct. 24. -  Hearing of Objections to Nominations of candidates at next Municipal Elections. Liberal objections afterwards disallowed.
Oct. 25. -  Opening of a Bazaar at Downall Green by Lord Winmarleigh. - Presentations to the Rev. W. Muzzell, on his leaving Ince.
Oct. 27. -  Distribution of Prizes at the Wigan Mining and Mechanical School by Mr. T. Knowles, M.P. - Public Meeting in favour of the Sunday closing of Public-houses.
Oct. 29. -  Special Council Meeting to confirm proceedings of committees.
Nov. 1. -  Municipal Elections. Nine Conservatives and one Liberal retired; three Liberals and seven Conservatives returned.
Nov. 3. -  Wigan Quarter Sessions; 13 prisoners. - Opening of the new buildings on the Mesnes of the Wigan Grammar School by Mr. N. Eckersley, chairman of the Governors. Address by the Home Secretary on Education.
Nov. 7. -  Death of Mr. Ralph D. Grundy, aged 33 years, chief mechanical engineer to the Wigan Coal and Iron Company.
Nov. 10. -  Annual Meeting of the Town Council. Election of Mr. Alderman R. A. ffarington, Mayor. Discussion as to the establishment of Public Baths and Wash-houses in Wigan. - Jonathan Simpkin and John Clayton, colliers, sentenced to 20 years' penal servitude at Liverpool Assizes for a savage assault on Billinge constables.
Nov. 16. -  Sermen by the Bishop of Manchester at the Parish Church.
Nov. 17. -  Miners' Conference in Wigan; Memorial adopted to Government with reference to Colliery Inquests and the use of detaching hooks, and an application for an advance in wages agreed upon.
Nov. 18. -  Local Government Inquiry at Hindley; censure passed on the Board by the Inspector.
Nov. 19. -  Distribution of Prizes by Sir Julius Benedict to the successful students at the local musical examinations of Trinity College.
Nov. 24. -  Deputation to the Home Secretary from the Wigan Miners' Conference. - Opening of the new Grammar School for scholastic purposes.
Nov. 25. -  Formation of a Ratepayers' Association at Hindley. - Special report presented by the medical officer on the prevalence of scarlet fever in Wigan.
Nov. 26. -  Special Town Council Meeting to consider the new Improvement Bill; the sitting adjourned.
Nov. 27. -  Meeting of the supporters of the Sunday closing movement. Declaration of the result of the canvas of the town.
Nov. 30. -  Death, in London, of Mrs. E. H. Woodcock, of Worthington Lodge.
Dec. 1. -  Adjourned Town Council Meeting. The scheme for acquiring a site for a Town Hall thrown out. - Conservative Meeting in the Theatre Royal. Addresses by the borough members, Lord Lindsay and Mr. T. Knowles.
Dec. 2. -  Colliery Explosion at Leigh; two men killed and three injured.
Dec. 3. -  Opening of St. Catherine's Schools' Bazaar by Lord Lindsay, M.P.
Dec. 5. -  Judgement given in the case of the liquidator of the Wigan Rolling Mills v. Exors. of Mr. J. Smethurst.
Dec. 8. -  Enthusiastic reception, at Wigan, of Mr. Gladstone, on his way from Scotland to Chester. Presentation of an address from the Wigan Liberal Association. - Adjourned Miners' Conference.
Dec. 9. -  Stormy discussion at the Hindley Local Board Meeting on the management of the Gas Works.
Dec. 10. -  Hearing of the action to set aside the sale of the Wigan Rolling Mills; the application dismissed. - Breakdown of the winding engine at Rose Bridge Collieries.
Dec. 13. -  Distribution of Prizes to the Volunteers by the Mayoress.
Dec. 15. -  Prosecution by the police of Professor Bosco for illegally holding a lottery in the Theatre Royal, Wigan.


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