wiganworld home page
Home Photos of Wigan Stuff News What's on Classifieds Forum Communicate Guestbook Links
 Search    In association with  The Wigan Courier
  Thomas Woodcock VC
  Ancient and Loyal
  Wigan facts
  Famous Wiganers
  Wigan dialect
  Wigan speyk!
  Black & White
  Local art
  Local poetry
  I remember...
  My collection
  Pubs of the Past
  Wigan quizzes
  Picture quizzes
  Jigsaws II
  Wigan Cemetery Index
  Gidlow Cemetery Index
  Hindley Cemetery Index
  Ince Cemetery Index
  Westwood Cemetery Index
  Howe Bridge Cemetery Index
  Roll of Honour
  Reading Room
  Reading Room 2
  Spitfire Crash
  Street History
  Wigan Streets, 1890
  Wigan Streets, 1903
  Wigan Streets, 1909
  Wigan Streets, 1933
  Wigan Yards
  On this day in...
  Court Leet Rolls
  Wigan Past
  Wigan Crest
  Old news
  1825 Directory
  1869 Directory
  1881 Directory
  Hindley Directory
  Ince Directory
  Upholland residents
  1889 Yearbook
  Wigan Views, 1908
  Old Borough Guide
  Picture Post, 1939
  Recipes, 1925
  Your Letters

The Ancient Charter of the Borough - image

The Ancient Charter of the Borough - text

THE earliest incorporation of the Town is mentioned in the report of the Norry King of Arms in 1613, that "The Towne and Bourrough of Wiggin was antiently incorporated by the most noble Kinge, Kinge Hen, the first, in the first year of his raygne," (i.e., 1100) a certified copy of which document is now in the Public Library, but no contemporary record survives.

IN the two centuries following the Conquest, Wigan made such substantial progress that in 1246, the Lord and Rector, John Maunsel, obtained the Charter from the King creating the town "a free borough forever." Maunsel was a favourite of the King, and was thus able to secure a very liberal grant of privileges more far reaching than any town in Lancashire had hitherto received, except the King's own town of Liverpool. Indeed, the Wigan Charter, with its full grant of judicial autonomy and freedom from county suit, its Treasury, its Guild-Merchant, etc., was modelled on the Charter given to Liverpool a few years earlier in 1229. Its reception was a great day for Wigan, and necessitated a corresponding Charter from the Lord of the Manor creating a body of free Burgesses. These were created by making certain citizens tenants in perpetuity at a rent of twelvepence per annum.

OTHER Charters granted to Wigan were as follows :-


1st Hen. I.


30th Hen. III. 26th Aug., 1246
42nd Hen. III.
20th Edw. I.
7th Edw. II.
3rd. Edw. III.
24th Edw. III.
2nd. Rich. II.
1st Hen. IV.
1st Hen. V.
27th Eliz.
14th Chas. II.
1st James II.
2nd Will. IV.
4th Will. IV.
20th April,
7th June,
18th Oct.
4th Aug.
2nd Nov.
10th May,
7th May,
16th May,
25th Feb.,
16th Feb.,
10th June,

* (Cited in a Visitation of the College of Heralds. Issued in the Reign of James I.)

THE motto of the town "Ancient and Loyal" has its authority from the Charter of Charles II. in which Wigan is designated by the King "an ancient borough" and granted "a special token of our favour for its loyalty to us," the phrase being used as an epithet for the town as early as 1683.

THE illustration given is that of the Charter of Edward II., and is dated 7th June, 1314.


 © 2018 wiganworld
Click here to read the privacy policy, disclaimer and copyright information.
Please contact us with your ideas, suggestions, moans or questions.